An official document certifying the holder's identity and entitling them to travel to and from foreign countries. It is issued to all citizens in accordance with national legislation. The passport is a booklet, in either hard or soft cover, loaded with security features. It contains personal data of the holder, information about the issuing country and authority, visas, stamps, and other marks. As a rule, each country issues several types of passports: a passport, a diplomatic passport, a service passport, an official passport, an alien’s passport, etc.

Passports differ in the ways of personalization and methods of data processing:

  • passports without the MRZ and embedded microchips;
  • passports with the MRZ containing mandatory and optional data formatted for machine reading using OCR methods;
  • passports with an embedded electronic microprocessor chip (ePassport) which contains secured graphic and text data about the holder and the document itself.

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